Survey: Russian citizens assess the results of the Great October Socialist Revolution of 1917

07.11.2023, Moscow.

More than half of Russian citizens polled believe that the Great October Socialist Revolution of 1917 had more positive consequences for the country, a survey by the Russian Public Opinion Foundation showed on November 7, the results published on the foundation’s website.

According to the survey, half of respondents (50%) believe that the Great October Revolution had more positive consequences for Russia as a whole, “after the revolution the country began to develop more”; “as a result of the October Revolution, Russia became a developed industrial power”. And only 21% of respondents believe that the revolution had a negative impact on the life of the country: “history cannot be changed by such sacrifices”; “economically our country was thrown back a hundred years”; “Russia’s development was slowed down”.

At the same time, it should be noted that over the past 15 years, the share of respondents who perceive the revolution negatively has been steadily falling – from 29% to 21%.

Opinions were divided on the significance of this day in the country’s history: 48% of the survey participants said that November 7 is an important day, while 46% do not consider it as such.

At the same time, the overwhelming number of respondents named objective economic and social factors as the reasons for the revolution: 25% – popular protest, people’s dissatisfaction with the current situation, aspiration for a better life; 8% – poverty, hunger, people’s hard life; 7% – social inequality, aspiration for social justice, class struggle. However, 43% could not name the reasons for the revolution.

It is also worth noting that 50% of respondents believe that the Great October Revolution was a natural outcome of the situation in Russia at the beginning of the twentieth century (in 2017 there were 39% of such people). There are 32% of respondents who believe that events could have developed quite differently (in 2017 there were 42% of such people).

The share of respondents supporting the Red Army is interesting. When asked: if you lived at that time, would you have supported the Reds or the Whites in the Civil War – 49% would have joined the Red Army and only 9% would have sided with the White Guards. 12% would not have supported either side.

The all-Russian apartment poll FOMnibus was conducted from October 27 to 29, 2023 in 53 subjects of the Russian Federation in 104 towns and villages. 1500 respondents participated. The statistical error does not exceed 3.6%.

Source: Rossa Primavera News Agency