Some analysts have immediately began to question why the oil and gas dependence of Europe on Iran is better than the same dependence on Russia. What are the benefits? But their voices – so far! – are not really heard
Problems of Turkmenistan, which we have discussed in the previous part of this study, are not limited to the budget deficit, street protests of the population, the competition between TANAP and TAPI pipelines, and the threats of intrusion of ‘Islamic State’ militants from Afghanistan. The point is also that, according to some experts, the discord in the Turkmen elite is growing. In particular, analysts, who understand the particular characteristic of Turkmenistan in-depth, say that, in this country, the ‘street’ protests are, in principle, impossible without the direct sanction of the certain leaders of the elite.