Chinese-style globalization: prospects and risks

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At the World Economic Forum in Davos in January, Chinese President Xi Jinping delivered a message on China’s promoting a “Fair Economic Globalization”, which explicitly contradicted the the newly elected US president Donald Trump’s “antiglobalist”. Since that time, the topic of PRC turning into a new leader of globalization keeps appearing on the pages of popular and specialized economic publications. Continue reading

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Escalation of the Global Gas War. Part XIV

 

It is clear that this alternative route from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific ocean would be almost 1200km shorter than the extremely overloaded Strait of Malacca

 

The announcement that private companies from China and Thailand are ready to begin construction of the “Thai Canal” through the Kra Isthmus between the Andaman Sea and the South China Sea attracted a remarkable amount of attention in the international press, and understandably so.

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Escalation of the Global Gas War. Part XIII

 

The principal trade routes between China and the Middle East, Africa, and Europe pass through the Indian Ocean. The key “bottle neck” of the Chinese maritime cargo transit is the Strait of Malacca

 

Returning to the topic of the “undeclared war” against Chinese gas, oil, and infrastructure projects in Indochina, let us recall that the armed rebellions of the local tribes in Kachin State and the Kokang autonomous region of Myanmar, which unfolded during the spring of 2015, put the use of China’s already completed gas and oil pipelines, running from the Bay of Bengal to the Yunnan province, under question.

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Escalation of the Global Gas War. Part XII

 

There is no way that the ethnic Chinese of Kokang can be an instrument of the PRC in organizing a rebellion in Myanmar. The only actor capable of provoking these rebellions is the United States.

 

The government of the impoverished Myanmar was in dire need of revenue for its budget from the transit of natural gas and oil to China. Consequently, it responded harshly to the sudden armed rebellion in Kachin and Kokang in the area of a gas pipeline and an oil pipeline which were practically completed. Both military aviation and large ground units were sent to suppress the rebellion; meanwhile, the international press began publishing articles claiming that the PRC was supposedly destabilizing the region, attempting to use the ethnic Chinese in Myanmar to apply pressure on the government, or even to grab a piece of the country’s territory in order to gain full control of its gas pipeline and the rest of the infrastructure of the “Silk Road’s” southern branch.

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Escalation of the Global Gas War. Part XI

 

China made an ambitious bid on its concept of the New Great Silk Road, and it cannot lose this bid without losing face

 

In the previous part of our investigation, we established that members of the Pakistani parliament refused the request by Saudi Arabia to join the anti-Houthi (in other words, anti-Shiite) “Operation Decisive Storm” in Yemen. One of the publicly stated reasons for the refusal were references to internal conflicts between Sunnis and Shiites in Pakistan itself.

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Escalation of the Global Gas War. Part X

 

Pakistan is extremely interested in the Peace Pipeline project. One of the most acute economic problems facing Islamabad is its catastrophic electricity deficit, which seriously limits the implementation of a wide array of projects aimed at industrializing the country.

 

China’s proposal to build the “Peace Pipeline” from Iran to Pakistan (which, as we discussed in the previous part of the study, The Wall Street Journal presented as sensational) was in no way unexpected.

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Escalation of Global Gas War. Part IX

 

Some analysts have immediately began to question why the oil and gas dependence of Europe on Iran is better than the same dependence on Russia. What are the benefits? But their voices – so far! – are not really heard

 

Problems of Turkmenistan, which we have discussed in the previous part of this study, are not limited to the budget deficit, street protests of the population, the competition between TANAP and TAPI pipelines, and the threats of intrusion of ‘Islamic State’ militants from Afghanistan. The point is also that, according to some experts, the discord in the Turkmen elite is growing. In particular, analysts, who understand the particular characteristic of Turkmenistan in-depth, say that, in this country, the ‘street’ protests are, in principle, impossible without the direct sanction of the certain leaders of the elite.

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Escalation of the Global Gas War. Part VIII

Turkmenistan’s attempts to expand its gas supply through Uzbekistan to the gas-poor republics of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan proved unsuccessful due to resistance from Tashkent, whose relations with Dushanbe and Bishkek have grown progressively less friendly.

Where will the Turkmen gas go?

Turkmenistan’s gas reserves are appraised as the fourth-largest in the world, after Russia, Iran and Qatar. The republic has large gas fields in the East and Northeast. Back since Soviet times, this gas has been supplied to Russia, and from there to Europe. The republic’s central and western regions have promising gas fields, including those on the Caspian shelf. The Southeast, near the border with Afghanistan, is home to the old, large Dauletabad gas field.

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Escalation of the Global “Gas War”. Part VI

 

There is speculation that the entire project of the EEU is actually directed at creating a preferential environment in Europe for American shale gas and for American petroleum corporations, as well as for the construction of American nuclear power plants and for shipments of American nuclear fuel

 

The European “Gas Knot”

Even before the Ukrainian Maidan, there was significant disagreement in Europe regarding the role that Russian gas can and ought to play in the EU countries’ energy supply.

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